As well as being the year when we learn to live alongside the virus, 2022 looks set to bring particular challenges to low-income households.
- Rising living costs, particularly energy bills will put more pressure on low-income families
- A fair and equitable recovery is needed if the financial burden is not to fall predominantly on low-income families
- Debt and access to benefits will be a catalyst to engage low-income families who are already struggling
This blog explores these challenges and looks at the mitigating actions that central and local government, and their partners, can take to make a difference.
Challenge 1: Rising living costs, particularly energy bills
Headlines are dominated by news on the rising cost of living and inflation across the UK.
- The Bank of England projects that inflation is going to rise further, reaching as much as 6% in the spring
- The energy price cap is expected to rise by 12%, meaning households will face their highest energy bills when this comes into effect in April
- The IFS reported today that benefit levels would fall in real terms by 3% unless additional action is taken; they highlight that the Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation has risen to a level not seen since December 2011
These cost increases and income reduction will make it harder for households to recover from the pandemic, making access to support more important than ever.
Challenge 2: A fair and equitable recovery is needed
The pandemic highlighted how any of us could experience an income drop and need to turn to the social security system for support. However, the impact of the pandemic has been far from equal as our evidence to support the retention of the £20 uplift to Universal Credit highlighted.
Many people who were able to work from home saw their living costs fall, and people in work whose jobs were suspended because of the pandemic were supported by the furlough scheme which was relatively more generous than the existing benefit system.
People on Universal Credit or Tax Credits received an additional £20 per week, while people out of work on legacy benefits received almost no additional support, and many others fell through the gaps in support that were made available.
We learned much about the benefit system that we want to see. The challenge for Government is to develop policies that focus support on those most heavily affected, and those struggling from the impact of the pandemic.
Challenge 3: Debt and access to benefits
The unequal economic effects of the pandemic, combined with high and rising living costs, mean that without access to additional support, many people will fall into debt. Others will fall deeper into debt.
Over one-fifth of UK households have less than £100 in savings to cushion themselves against economic shocks. The average total debt per UK household is £62,965. Improving the lives of people who are struggling with debt has long been a priority for Policy in Practice, and we have been working hard on solutions to help. We won a place on the Crown Commercial Service’s Debt Resolution Services Framework to give joined-up benefits and debt support to struggling families.
Debt is not about numbers, debt is about people, behaviours and circumstances. We fix debt problems by focusing on people.
Steve Coppard, Deputy Director, Government Debt Management, Cabinet Office
How central and local government should respond
High and rising living costs require long-term policy solutions to address the challenges we’ve explored. These solutions should focus on improving the housing market and energy security, and establish an holistic approach to collections across government.
Without immediate action to tackle the challenges for 2022 we can feel powerless but there are actions that government can take now.
At a policy level our own analysis about building a pathway out of poverty recommends targeting support to families in need, via the benefit system, as the best solution to the current cost of living crisis. The IFS today called for a 6% increase in benefit levels, rather than the 3.1% planned.
On a more practical level the government can do much more to proactively identify and engage with households who are struggling with the cost of living. Sharing more data with local authorities will allow them to identify households that are struggling financially, and target support more effectively.
Action 1: Mitigate the effects of rising energy bills by helping people to access:
- Support through the benefit system
- Warm Home Discount and Energy Efficiency grants (see our case study featuring Croydon Council’s work)
- Pension Credit to help older people struggling with heating bills (see our case study featuring Gravesham Council’s work)
- Social tariffs from utility companies
Action 2: Ensure a fair and equitable recovery through:
- Government investment in employment opportunities, and councils and support organisations identifying people who are out of work and offering employment support (see our case study featuring Rotherham Council’s work)
- Support for people who are in work and struggling financially by helping them to access additional support through the benefit system, and through other sources like social tariffs
- Boost the local economy through take-up of benefits
Action 3: Ensure debt does not push people further into poverty through:
- Maximising income alongside offering debt support and advice to prevent financial crises which are linked to poor health outcomes
- Targeting support for people who are financially vulnerable, already struggling to make ends meet and who have a limited ability to pay
- Tracking the impacts of policy and the effectiveness of interventions designed to deliver holistic support (see our ReImagine Debt case study) to make the case for prevention
How Policy in Practice is tackling these challenges
We have invested in our Better Off Calculator to provide a digital tool that gives income maximisation and debt support in one place for the first time. We are working closely with utility companies to highlight social tariffs in our calculator, helping households to bring the cost of their utility bills down.
The calculator is fully Standard Financial Statement (SFS) compliant. This means clients will be able to produce a Standard Financial Statement in the format recognised by the debt advice sector which reduces the number of times a person has to tell their story in order to get access to the support and guidance they need.
2022 is going to be a year with many challenges. No doubt as the true impact of the pandemic is understood that there will be more challenges down the line. However, councils and other support organisations can act now, and Policy in Practice’s tools can help.
- Join our upcoming free webinar on Budgeting Support: best practice ways to help low-income households, Wednesday 28 January at 10.30am
- Learn how to help people to navigate and access support through the benefit system with our Better Off Calculator
- Learn how our Low-Income Family Tracker (LIFT) platform can help councils to target support more effectively. For more information on how we work with Universal Credit data please email firstname.lastname@example.org